Calculus for the Ambitious

Calculus for the Ambitious
Title Calculus for the Ambitious PDF eBook
Author T. W. Körner
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Pages 179
Release 2014-05-29
Genre Mathematics
ISBN 1107063922

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A short introduction perfect for any 16- to 18-year-old, about to begin studies in mathematics.

Calculus for the Ambitious

Calculus for the Ambitious
Title Calculus for the Ambitious PDF eBook
Author T. W. Körner
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Pages
Release 2014-05-29
Genre Mathematics
ISBN 1139993275

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From the author of The Pleasures of Counting and Naïve Decision Making comes a calculus book perfect for self-study. It will open up the ideas of the calculus for any 16- to 18-year-old, about to begin studies in mathematics, and will be useful for anyone who would like to see a different account of the calculus from that given in the standard texts. In a lively and easy-to-read style, Professor Körner uses approximation and estimates in a way that will easily merge into the standard development of analysis. By using Taylor's theorem with error bounds he is able to discuss topics that are rarely covered at this introductory level. This book describes important and interesting ideas in a way that will enthuse a new generation of mathematicians.

Constitutional Economics and Public Institutions

Constitutional Economics and Public Institutions
Title Constitutional Economics and Public Institutions PDF eBook
Author Francisco Cabrillo
Publisher Edward Elgar Publishing
Pages 400
Release 2013
Genre Political Science
ISBN 1781003971

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This extensive book explores in detail a wide range of topics within the public choice and constitutional political economy tradition, providing a comprehensive overview of current work across the field. The expert contributions are underpinned by the notion of moving economic thinking away from the analysis of the logic of a situation given a set of well-established and well-enforced Ôrules of the gameÕ towards a deeper analysis of the logic behind the selection of the rules of the game themselves. Within this context, the theme of choice between rules (as well as the more conventional analysis within rules) across historical time and place, and in various thought experiments and conceptual situations, is explored in detail. Extensive case studies back theory with empirical evidence, and topics discussed include: the foundations of constitutional economics; constitutional political economy; political competition and voting; public choice and public policy; and extensions to public choice theory. This stimulating book will prove a thought-provoking read for academics and both under- and post-graduate students in the fields of economics (particularly public choice and Austrian economics), public policy and political science.

Crossing the Aisle

Crossing the Aisle
Title Crossing the Aisle PDF eBook
Author Antoine Yoshinaka
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Pages 283
Release 2016
Genre Political Science
ISBN 1107115892

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This book is the first systematic study of the causes and consequences of legislative party switching in the US. It provides a sophisticated analysis combining quantitative data from Congress and state legislatures with elite interviews with switchers, non-switchers, and a party leader, including a 'real time' look into the decision.

Konrad Zuse's Early Computers

Konrad Zuse's Early Computers
Title Konrad Zuse's Early Computers PDF eBook
Author Raúl Rojas
Publisher Springer Nature
Pages 240
Release 2023-11-14
Genre Computers
ISBN 3031398769

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This book describes the historical development of the architectures of the first computers built by the German inventor Konrad Zuse in Berlin between 1936 and 1945. Zuse's machines are historically important because they anticipated many features of modern computers. Specifically, these include the separation of processor and memory, the ability to compute with floating-point numbers, a hardware architecture based on microprogramming of the instruction set, and a layered design with a high-level programming language on top. In fact, Zuse's early computers are closer to modern computers than the Harvard Mark I or ENIAC, two other contenders for the title of "world's first computer." The theoretical program first conceived by Zuse in 1936/37 was fulfilled with a series of machines built before and during World War II: the Z1, Z2, Z3, and Z4. Separate chapters deal with the architecture of each computer, culminating in the description of Plankalkül, the first proposal for a high-level programming language. Students of the sciences and practitioners of computer science should have no trouble following the material. The concise introductory summary sets the reader on the historical path to retrace this remarkable intellectual adventure.

Why Parties?

Why Parties?
Title Why Parties? PDF eBook
Author John H. Aldrich
Publisher University of Chicago Press
Pages 401
Release 2012-07-24
Genre Political Science
ISBN 0226012751

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Since its first appearance fifteen years ago, Why Parties? has become essential reading for anyone wishing to understand the nature of American political parties. In the interim, the party system has undergone some radical changes. In this landmark book, now rewritten for the new millennium, John H. Aldrich goes beyond the clamor of arguments over whether American political parties are in resurgence or decline and undertakes a wholesale reexamination of the foundations of the American party system. Surveying critical episodes in the development of American political parties—from their formation in the 1790s to the Civil War—Aldrich shows how they serve to combat three fundamental problems of democracy: how to regulate the number of people seeking public office, how to mobilize voters, and how to achieve and maintain the majorities needed to accomplish goals once in office. Aldrich brings this innovative account up to the present by looking at the profound changes in the character of political parties since World War II, especially in light of ongoing contemporary transformations, including the rise of the Republican Party in the South, and what those changes accomplish, such as the Obama Health Care plan. Finally, Why Parties? A Second Look offers a fuller consideration of party systems in general, especially the two-party system in the United States, and explains why this system is necessary for effective democracy.

Opting Out of Congress

Opting Out of Congress
Title Opting Out of Congress PDF eBook
Author Danielle M. Thomsen
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Pages
Release 2017-05-11
Genre Political Science
ISBN 1316878449

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This book provides a candidate entry explanation for partisan polarization in Congress. Danielle M. Thomsen draws on quantitative data to show that ideological moderates are less likely to run for and remain in Congress than those at the extremes. The book introduces a party fit argument for why moderates have opted out of congressional politics. It suggests that the personal and professional benefits of congressional service have diminished for liberal Republicans and conservative Democrats as the parties have drifted apart. Although the political center has long been deemed a coveted position in the legislature, it is now a lonely and lowly place to be. Opting Out of Congress argues that partisan polarization is unlikely to diminish if ideological moderates do not run for office, and reformers who seek to restore bipartisanship in Congress must consider how to encourage moderates to launch congressional candidacies.